1880s-1919: Tanzania is a German Colony
1919: Tanzania becomes a
British Trust Territory
1934: Under British rule, the first secondary school for Tanzanians opens
1935: Education budget for entire Tanganyika amounted to (US) $ 240,000
Expansion of education beyond primary school becomes a priority, due to shortage of skilled labor in Tanzania
Enrollment in Form IV (11th grade) reaches 700 pupils (the estimated population at that time in Tanzania was 10.6 million
1961: Tanzania gains Independence from the British
Pupils completing secondary school reaches 5,000
1967: The much loved President
Nyerere delivers his "Arusha Declaration", outlining his version of socialism to develop the nation's economy which
included system of self-reliance in locally administered villages through a villagization program structured around the ujamaa,
or extended family found in traditional Africa. The strong pro-poor focus of the Arusha declaration aimed to equip Tanzanians
for self-reliant rural livelihoods, based on agriculture. Nyerere aimed that the majority of people would attain primary education,
with a small minority going beyond that.
Mid 1970’s: funding was concentrated on primary
education expansion. Secondary enrolment stagnated.
policies restricted involvement of the private and voluntary sector in education in an effort to maintain equality and socialist
1985: Socialism in Tanzania ends, and Nyerere hands over power to Ali Hassan
1995: First ever multi-party elections are held
Government of Tanzania drops primary school fees and first grade enrollments increased by 43.1%.
1.7 million extra children join the school system
2004: Government begins
expanding the secondary school system under SEDP (Secondary Education Development Programme), but not fast enough to meet
the demands of the first pool of graduating 7th graders in 2007 & 2008.
- 2007: Secondary enrollment
in Tanzania is among the lowest in the world at 20%, but Government is rapidly expanding infrastructure.